We all can emulate nature
Projecting a building, an agricultural system for a community or to optimize the use of energy in our houses, nature is the one who will always inspire us to create sustainable development.
Design and Biomimicry
Las creaciones biomiméticas tienen dos alternativas al momento de desarrollarlas.
The process begins when you already have a biological model or nature’s principle that you desire to imitate in order to develop a design.
Example: It is known that certain long-leaved trees are capable of absorbing the sun’s energy to convert it into another type of fuel that the body uses for its processes. From the design of these leaves, we began to investigate its natural principles to develop a sustainable design that converts light energy into electricity for rural or urban areas.
It consists of using the principles of nature to solve an existing human design problem.
Example: In places where below zero temperatures are experienced, it is necessary to build houses that use less energy to maintain a comfortable indoor climate. To that end, we review how organisms that live nearby solve the problem of maintaining internal temperature, allowing them to survive. Once the principles behind their strategy are found, these are used to create prototypes or blueprints.
Créditos: Biomimicry 3.8. Bajo licencia Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
This element of biomimetics is the most commonly used. During this process we understand the needs of the design we want to build and the necessary conditions for its existence. One of the most important steps is to understand what we want our design to do (its function). Additionally, we decide which principles of nature we want to incorporate.
In the discovery phase, we enter the heart of emulation, in which we look for organisms that perform analogous or similar functions to the design we yearn for. During the process, we also abstract the biological strategies that allow us to emulate nature. Much of the success of this section is fully understanding how the selected organism performs that role and under what context.
Once understood, the creation phase allows us to properly emulate the deepest designs and generate prototypes from there taking into account the previous steps. Finally, once the best option is selected, we carry out an evaluation using the same principles of nature and thus verify that we have carried out an adequate emulation process.
Créditos: Biomimicry 3.8 . Bajo licencia Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
Créditos: Biomimicry 3.8 . Bajo licencia Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND
Although it is impossible to imitate nature 100%, we can be inspired by it to improve designs based on its principles.
It refers to the conditions necessary for life on Earth. Any design inspired by nature must, to some extent, take into account these aspects:
Sunlight, gravity and water: All organisms are subject, directly or indirectly, to the energy produced by the sun and transferred through plants and bacteria. Likewise, they are all affected by gravitational forces. On the other hand, processes that occur in the living are based on water.
Non-equilibrium dynamics: Conditions on earth are changing. In some periods of time, the conditions are stable, but truly, this state of equilibrium is rarely long-lasting. The change in the amount of water in the air or the movements of the Earth, among others, are some of the processes that contribute to this loss of balance. In either case, whether under stable conditions or not, organisms always present responses to adapt to a new stable state.
Limits and boundaries: Life is subject to physical and chemical laws such as the conservation of energy, mass, momentum, Newton’s laws of motion and thermodynamics. These conditions limit and produce boundaries on what organisms can do, produce or develop within the planet.
Cyclical processes: Organisms are subject to solar and lunar cycles, and in turn, to compounds vital for their existence such as nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and water. In this aspect, organisms adapt in space and time to their abundance or shortage.