One of the topics in which biomimicry has had a great echo is in architecture basically from the imitation of the forms of nature. These often translate into processes and systems that also emulate living systems. Recently, the University of Freiburg has designed a “shell” inspired by plant cones with the aim of demonstrating how modern buildings can have a lower carbon footprint. Also utilizing the biomimetic principle of using low energy processes, the structure has been equipped with wood fibers that allow thermal insulation. Also, its location has been designed to maximize the time it is showered by the sun.
It is a real pleasure to observe how the principles of nature are put into action. The system that provides shade uses the process by which coniferous plants open and close their cones. In total, 424 elements make up this system, all made of biomaterials. The system is responsive to climate changes since it allows you to adjust the amount of heat that enters or leaves the interior room. Likewise, the floor is thermally activated through recycled concrete slabs that provide excellent thermal control during winter. The external shape in turn has been inspired by the plate-shaped skeleton of sea urchins.
The design made in Germany consumes 50% less material and has 63% less global warming potential compared to conventional wooden constructions.